Critical Appraisal and Statistical Skills

Learning ZoneSpecialist and Technical Skills > Critical Appraisal and Statistical Skills


Bootland, D. (2014) Critical Appraisal for FCEM, CRC Press

Clearly written jargon free book aimed at the FCEM but very useful of learning and improving critical appraisal skills. [Last checked: 27/3/20]

Gosall, N. (2015) The Doctor’s Guide to Critical Appraisal (4th ed), PasTest

A comprehensive guide to understanding strengths and weaknesses of research design and interpreting results. [Last checked: 27/3/20]

Greenhalgh, T. (2019) How to Read a Paper (6th ed), Wiley-Blackwell

How to Read a Paper demystifies evidence-based medicine and explains how to critically appraise published research and also put the findings into practice [Last checked: 27/3/20]

Holloway, I., Kalvin, K. (2016) Qualitative Research in Nursing and Healthcare (4th ed), Wiley-Blackwell

This book provides a good explanation of qualitative research enabling the reader to build critical appraisal skills for this area of research. [Last checked: 27/3/20]

Perea, R. (2008) Statistics Toolkit. BMJ Books

Guides the reader through statistical concepts using flowcharts, diagrams and real life examples to reflect concepts in a simple and practical manner [Last checked: 27/3/20]

Petrie, A. and Sabin, C. (2019) Medical Statistics at a Glance (4th ed), Wiley-Blackwell

A concise and accessible introduction to this complex subject. It provides clear instruction on how to apply commonly used statistical procedures in an easy-to-read, comprehensive and relevant volume. [Last checked: 27/3/20]

Salkind, N. (2013) Statistics for People Who Think They Hate Statistics (5th ed), Sage

Textbook with self test questions and answers [Last checked: 27/3/20]


Open University: Mathematics and statistics

Free online course on mathematics and statistics for beginners. [Last checked: 27/3/20]


AGREE (Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation)

Provides a tool for evaluating the quality and reporting of practice guidelines. [Last checked: 30/3/20]


Reading resources for lots of topics relevant to critical appraisal such as statistics. Note: not updated since 2010.  [Last checked: 30/3/20]

BMJ Endgames: Statistics

Dr Philip Sedgewick is the author of the BMJ Endgames statistcs series. These are short clinically relevant explainations of statistical concepts. Note: no new content since 2015. [Last checked: 30/3/20]

Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine (CEBM)

From the University of Oxford. Checklists, workshops, educational resources. [Last checked: 30/3/20]

Cochrane Handbook (2019).

Guidance to authors preparing Cochrane reviews. Provides comprehensive explanations of bias. [Last checked: 30/3/20]

CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials)

Evidence-based, minimum set of recommendations for reporting randomized trials. Provides a checklist for how RCTs are reported. This also helps to develop understanding of research design. [Last checked: 30/3/20]

Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP)

CASP is part of Better Value Healthcare, a training organisation led by Professor Muir Gray, based in Oxford. Provides workshops, checklists and e-modules. [Last checked: 30/3/20]

Dr Kritika Samsi: Critical appraisal of qualitative research.

Powerpoint on critical appraisal of qualitative research by Dr Samsi from King’s College, London. [Last checked: 30/3/20]

Mathematics and Statistics for Dummies by Wiley

Short explanations of statistical concepts for beginners. [Last checked: 30/3/20]

PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis)

Evidence-based minimum set of items for reporting in systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Provides a checklist and flow diagram. This also helps to develop understanding of research design. [Last checked: 30/3/20]

STROBE ( Strengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology)

STROBE is an international, collaborative initiative of epidemiologists, methodologists, statisticians, researchers and journal editors involved in the conduct and dissemination of observational studies, with the common aim of STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology. Provides checklists and also helps to develop understanding of research design. [Last checked: 30/3/20]