Critical Appraisal and Statistical Skills

Learning ZoneSpecialist and Technical Skills > Critical Appraisal and Statistical Skills


Bootland, D. (2014) Critical Appraisal for FCEM. CRC Press << check your library >>

Clearly written jargon free book aimed at the FCEM but very useful of learning and improving critical appraisal skills [Last checked: 15/5/18]

Gosall, N. (2015) The Doctor’s Guide to Critical Appraisal. PasTest << check your library >>

A comprehensive guide to understanding strengths and weaknesses of research design and interpreting results. [Last checked: 15/5/18]

Greenhalgh, T. (2014) How to Read a Paper. Blackwell Publishing << check your library >>

How to Read a Paper demystifies evidence-based medicine and explains how to critically appraise published research and also put the findings into practice [Last checked: 15/5/18]

Holloway, I. (2017) Qualitative research in nursing and healthcare

This book provides a good explanation of qualitative research enabling the reader to build critical appraisal skills for this area of research. [Last checked: 6/7/17]

Kaura, A. (2015). Evidence based medicine: reading and writing papers

This book covers evidence-based medicine, statistics, critical appraisal and audit, giving the reader a contextual knowledge base. [Last checked: 6/7/17]

Perea, R. (2008) Statistics Toolkit. BMJ Books << check your library >>

Guides the reader through statistical concepts using flowcharts, diagrams and real life examples to reflect concepts in a simple and practical manner [Last checked: 15/5/18]

Petrie, A. (2009) Medical Statistics at a glance. Wiley-Blackwell << check your library >>

Workbook contains a variety of self-assessment methods that allow readers to test their statistical knowledge [Last checked: 15/5/18]

Salkind, N. (2014) Statistics for People Who Think They Hate Statistics. Sage << check your library >>

Textbook with self test questions and answers [Last checked: 15/5/18]


Critical Appraisal of Medical Literature online tutorial

A basic course on critical appraisal by Healthcare Improvement Scotland. [Last checked: 15/5/18]

Open University: Mathematics and statistics

Free online course on mathematics and statistics for beginners. [Last checked: 15/5/18]

Workshops on Statistics, Research Design and Critical Appraisal: BMA

BMA run these workshops on regular basis – check website for current dates. [Last checked: 15/5/18]


Dr Philip Sedgwick Endgames in the BMJ

Dr Sedgewick is a Reader in Medical Statistics and Medical Education who writes short papers for the BMJ on elements of critical appraisal. [Last checked: 15/5/18]


Critical appraisal course reflection: Christie Hospital Library (p.8)

Librarians are often expected to teach critical appraisal to people. Many of us feel out of our depth particularly as, despite it featuring large amounts of statistics, there are no clear cut answers or percentage marks that one can give to papers. [Last checked: 15/5/18]


AGREE (Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation)

Provides a tool for evaluating the quality and reporting of practice guidelines. [Last checked: 15/5/18]


Reading resources for lots of topics relevant to critical appraisal such as statistics. Note: not updated since 2010.  [Last checked: 15/5/18]

BMJ Endgames: Statistics

Dr Philip Sedgewick is the author of the BMJ Endgames statistcs series. These are short clinically relevant explainations of statistical concepts. [Last checked: 15/5/18]

Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine (CEBM)

From the University of Oxford. Checklists, workshops, educational resources. [Last checked: 15/5/18]

Cochrane Handbook: chapter 8. Assessing risk of bias in included studies.

Guidance to authors preparing Cochrane reviews. Provides comprehensive explanations of bias. [Last checked: 15/5/18]

CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials)

Evidence-based, minimum set of recommendations for reporting randomized trials. Provides a checklist for how RCTs are reported. This also helps to develop understanding of research design. [Last checked: 15/5/18]

Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP)

CASP is part of Better value Healthcare, a training organisation led by Professor Muir Gray, based in Oxford. Provides workshops, checklists and e-modules. [Last checked: 15/5/18]

Dr Kritika Samsi: Critical appraisal of qualitative research.

Powerpoint on critical appraisal of qualitative research by Dr Samsi from King’s College, London. [Last checked: 15/5/18]

Mathematics and Statistics for Dummies by Wiley

Short explanations of statistical concepts for beginners. [Last checked: 15/5/18]

PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis)

Evidence-based minimum set of items for reporting in systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Provides a checklist and flow diagram. This also helps to develop understanding of research design. [Last checked: 15/5/18]


STROBE ( Strengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology)

STROBE is an international, collaborative initiative of epidemiologists, methodologists, statisticians, researchers and journal editors involved in the conduct and dissemination of observational studies, with the common aim of STrengthening the Reporting of OBservational studies in Epidemiology. Provides checklists and also helps to develop understanding of research design. [Last checked: 15/5/18]